An EV cannot run without the use of main cables, which are the components that effectively act as the carís new ďFuel LineĒ. Just as itís important to get the right brand to supply you the EV, choosing the right sizes of these cables are important, depending on the current that your EV will use. A cable too small will render the charging process too hot under load, increasing its resistance and choking the performance rate of the vehicle that will most likely cause the vehicle to be dangerously on fire.
Not all main cables are the same. They come in either Type 1 or Type 2 plugs on each end and will largely depend on the charging standards of the electric vehicle being used. There are many ways and areas that Type 1 and Type 2 main cables differ, but the first major difference would be that a Type 1 main cable is typically used in a Type 1 inlet found in Asian countries and America. Itís the standard of charging cables in those countries, where the Type 2 main cable is the standard in Europe.
The Type 1 main cable plug also comes with a latch and the Type 2 plug main cables donít. Next, vehicles that support the Type 2 main cables already have a locking pin that can enable you to locate or secure the plug in place, preventing cables from falling out. The Type 1 main cables today also have a single-phase charging cable while Type 2 charging cables will allow for both single phase and 3-phase main power charging.
Itís typical also of Type 2 main cables to have resistors that help streamline the messages in the EV car to tell the cable if itís already plugged in and to keep it charging even if the resistor functions are still maintaining the uniform supply of power.
The vehicles today that use Type 1 main cables include Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Kia Soul EV, Nissan Leaf, Toyota Prius, Vauxhall, Ford Focus Electric and Citroen C-Zero. Whereas the vehicles today with Type 2 charging main cables include Porsche, Smart, Tesla, Toyota, Volkswagen, Volvo XC T8, and Hyundai.
EV owners donít need to be experts at main cables or electric parts. They just have to remember key facts, such as what constitutes a single-phase and three-phase electric power source. Standard home power sockets in residential buildings typically offer single-phase power, whereas normal charging devices today (also referred as slow charging devices) and commercial buildings already use three-phase alternating current for the EV.
For standard charging, where the EV will be plugged into a single-phase AC socket, the charging main cable to be used would be a three-pin BS1363 plug, the one commonly used already in the households. What happens here is that the charging cable can provide a power output of around 3kW, meaning a standard 24kW EV battery will have to require approximately 8-12 hours to get it fully-charged if itís at fully-depleted status.