Itís hard to imagine an electronic vehicle without an electric motor. Being an essential part of the vehicle, an electric motor is the motor that propels the vehicle. What makes an electric motor stand apart from the other types of motor is the fact that it only has one moving part, unlike an internal combustion engine thatís made up of a hundred moving parts. This centralized one-part component is what makes the electric vehicles you can purchase today some of the most reliable transport options available.
Electric motors will have to be the motor choice of the future by the time we get rid of the traditional motor types. The fact that an electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy means that itís made more accessible because electricity is ubiquitous. No need to go to a gasoline station because the vehicles can be charged via your homeís electric outlet.
What most people donít know yet is that the major electric motors today are operating through an interaction between the motorís installed magnetic field and an electric current running through a wire winding. The wire winding, then, generates force in the form of a shaftís rotation. Moreover, electric motors pump their power by direct current (DC) sources, which can be in the form of batteries, rectifiers or even alternating current sources.
There are also classifications for these electric motors according to their power source types, internal construction, motion output type and even application. Motors also come in either brushed or brushless forms, and will come in a variety of phases. These phases include single-phase, two-phase or three-phase, and sometimes will come in either air-cooled or liquid-cooled groups.
Another important thing to know about electric motors is that they produce linear or rotary force (torque) which are intended to propel some external mechanism. This is because electric motors are designed for a continuous rotation and linear movement distributed across distance and size.